An educational resource of the Victory Seed Company


Victory Heirloom Seed Company - Preserving the future, one seed at a time!

 "Preserving the future,
one seed at a time."

  Find Your Frost Date

  Hardiness Zone Maps

  Garden Planting Guide

  "Why Heirlooms?" - FAQ

  "A Case for Heirlooms"

  Glossary of Terms

  Seed Saving Tips

  Glossary of Terms

  Vegetable Origins

  Scoville Units

  Measurement Conversion

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No GMOs Here!

We are an early signer of the Safe Seed Pledge

All of our rare and heirloom seeds are public domain, open-pollinated, non-hybrid and chemically untreated. No chemicals, unstable hybrids, patented or genetically engineered seeds!

What seeds to sow when the soil temperature is above . . .

Minimum Soil Temperature
(in F)
Type of Seed
40 Arugula, Broad or Fava beans, Endive, Kale, Lettuce, Parsnips, Garden or English Peas, Radish
50 Chinese Cabbage, Cress, Kohl Rabi, Leeks, Onion, Rutabaga (Swedes), Swiss Chard, Turnips
60 Bush Beans[1], Kidney Beans[1], Pole Beans[1], Runner Beans[1], Beets, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Parsley, Spinach


  1. Beans will not tolerate frost so don't take risks or plan on replanting if frost occurs.


Asparagus[2], Tomato[3], Eggplant[3], Pepper[3], Cucumber, Corn (Maize)[4], Muskmelon, New Zealand Spinach[5], Okra, Pumpkin, Rhubarb[6], Sorghum, Summer Squash, Winter Squash, Watermelon


  1. Start Asparagus seeds indoors or in a greenhouse 60 to 90 days prior to your last expected frost date.  Direct seeding into the garden is not recommended. [Click here for more information.]

  2. Tomatoes, peppers and eggplants need to be sown indoors 6 to 8 weeks prior to your last expected spring frost date.

  3. Soil must be at least 65F for corn seeds to germinate. Be patient or you will waste a lot of seed! [Click here for more information.]

  4. New Zealand Spinach should be direct sown after all danger of frost has past or start transplants indoors 3 to 4 weeks prior to your last frost date.

  5. Sow Rhubarb seeds -inch deep, indoors, six to eight weeks prior to last frost. [Click here for more information.]

A basic understanding of the science of biology is critical to successfully partner with nature and produce non-native plant species in our gardens and years.  Soil thermometers are relatively inexpensive and a wise investment.

Seed Favors for your Special Event. Click here for Heirloom Tomato Seeds and Information.

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